The Internet era is based on global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the standard internet protocol suite to serve billions of users worldwide. Internet is a network of networks based on standard protocol 3. One of the standard architecture Internet is based upon 7 layer OSI model.
We are all part of this era knowingly or unknowingly called the Internet of Things. This promising technology is expected to be ten times more impactful than Information Technology. It is going to transform the way we live, work and act. IoT is about extending the competing and communication capabilities to mundane objects, not normally considered as computers.
There are four capabilities that need to be embedded into mundane objects to enable them to get connected with each other and seamlessly share or exchange or share data and signals. These capabilities involve sensing, computing, actuation and communication.
The term “Cognification” means embedding Intelligence into mundane objects. These objects include washing machine, wrist watch, cars and many other machines could be connected to Internet once we embed 4 essential capabilities into them.
It is predicted that by 2020, more than 100 billion devices will be connected to the Internet. There are 3 factors that are responsible to bring IoT to reality. These factors are
- 1st factor- ubiquitous pretence of internet and connectivity.
- 2nd factor- widespread adoption of internet standard IT based communication.
- 3rd factor- miniaturization of electronic circuits as well as advances in data storage and analytics.
However, there are some critical issues and challenges that need to be addressed to make Iot happen.
Current IoT landscape seems to be highly fragmented. Outstanding concepts based on IoT have already come up that involve Amazon Go and Google’s driverless cars. This smart and intelligent environment can be implemented by building automated home, infrastructure in a city, an entire city and even a planet.
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