Around 90% of the global trade is carried out by sea, which has a great influence on the global supply chain, including the trade regulators. Over the years, the marine environment has garnered attention due to concerns around climate change. To keep things in check and reduce environmental risks, marine environment monitoring systems have been developed over the past few decades. These systems have been applied with features including advanced information and communication technologies.
In this marine environment monitoring, IIoT plays a major role. Let’s understand how marine IIoT is helping with environmental risks –
Monitoring and Protection System
Over the years, many industries have been utilizing wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in their applications or services as a subset of IoT. However, these conventional monitoring systems are highly expensive. Their data collection and data analysis processes are time-consuming and the resolution quality of data consumed is low. This has encouraged marine environments to apply IoT-based technologies instead, for monitoring and protecting.
IoT-based marine environment systems are equipped with stronger capabilities of data collection & processing, intelligent object control, etc. With IoT-based technologies, several physical and chemical verticals can be measured and monitored. For example – water temperature, water pressure, speed & direction of the wind, pH levels, salinity, oxygen density, turbidity, and chlorophyll levels.
Advanced IoT-based systems can control some of the objects, devices, as well as equipment and help adjust these physical & chemical parameters, which further improves the marine environment.
To address the critical issues of the marine environment including autonomy, scalability, adaptability, and self-healing, the system should also be able to tackle the bigger problems – with features like sensor & actuator nodes with high water resistance, ability to provide stable radio signals, carefully calculated sensor coverage, etc.
IoT-Based System Applications & Architecture
IIoT marine systems have various applications for monitoring ocean sensing, water quality, coral reef, marine fish farm, waves & current, etc. Each of the applications uses different architecture and technologies.
With IIoT, the marine industry can perceive, think, as well as control the impact of environmental risk, by collecting, processing, and analyzing the data. It helps them make better decisions.
The Industrial IoT-based marine environment monitoring & protection system includes five layers:
Perception and execution:
It is the bottom layer of the marine system architecture which includes GPS sensors, energy harvesting devices, water quality, and condition monitoring sensors.
Data transmission :
This layer transmits the collected data to the processing layer and transfers control measures to the perception & execution layer so actuators can take necessary actions.
This layer stores and pre-processes raw data through advanced data mining technologies. It also performs data cleaning, data screening, and sharing, whenever needed.
This layer provides users with the requested services, based on different applications. It also monitors water quality, coral reefs, fish farms, waves, and current.
This is the top layer in the architecture and manages the overall IoT marine system’s activities. Based on the data collected, this layer creates business models, logic flowcharts, and graphic representations. Additionally, it verifies outputs of other layers and enhances security.
Marine Environment Protection
The ultimate goal of IoT-based marine systems is to monitor the ocean, reduce the risks, and protect the marine environment. Most of the applications in the system monitor and analyze huge data from the ocean and with IoT technologies. Big data principles are utilized and environment management control centers can make quick decisions & real-time manual interventions are orchestrated to protect the ocean or marine environment from big disasters.
Additionally, it’s because of IIoT-based systems that the marine also has an efficient energy management system.
With IIoT-based marine systems, the ballast can be optimized. With a reliable and efficient system, marine management can predict and prevent machine breakdowns as well as manage the repairs. The system provides signals from multiple sensors, along with the graphical UI (user interface) and internal database.
The design & development of a reliable, efficient, and scalable IIoT system for marine environment monitoring should carefully consider the following factors –
- Functions to tackle the harsh marine environment
- Communication protocols
- Network topology
- Management of the number and distribution of nodes
- Buoys & mooring systems
- Oceanographic sensors
- Energy supply, management & harvesting options, etc.
The Industrial IoT market has experienced vast growth over the years and is further expected to reach $263.4 billion by 2027. After 2020, the IIoT market is growing at a CAGR of 16.7%. APAC is considered the fastest-growing market for IIoT around the globe. This growth has resulted in an exponential demand for skilled IIoT professionals and this will continue to grow.
Industrial IoT is changing the way industries operate with the capabilities like drawing together critical assets as well as advanced predictive & prescriptive analytics. In this highly competitive world, upskilling yourself in IIoT can provide a major thrust in your career.
Enroll in Cognixia’s IIoT certification course. We are the world’s leading digital talent transformation company and are committed to helping you shape your future with intuitive hands-on training & certifications in digital technologies. Get the best IIoT online training course experience that will not only stimulate your knowledge through immersive & interactive online training sessions but will also add great value to your skillset. Cognixia caters to both the individual learners as well as the corporate workforce via interactive instructor-led courses.
This IIoT online training will cover all the important concepts of industrial automation including both PLC and SCADA. It will further discuss wireless sensor area networks (WSAN), sensor data mining, smart factories, industrial cloud platforms, along with shedding light on Industrial IoT security. With this IIoT certification course, you will also acquire hands-on, field experience with practical assignments & labs, to ensure a thorough understanding of all concepts discussed during the course.
In this IIoT training, we will cover the following –
- Introduction to Industrial Internet of Things
- Industrial automation – PLC & SCADA
- Sensor data mining and analytics
- Wireless Sensor Area Networks (WSAN)
- Design & development of IIoT systems
- Industry 4.0 – Smart Factories
- Industrial cloud platforms
- Industrial IoT Security
Anyone with basic computer skills is eligible to take this Industrial IoT training & certification course.